While hunting is an activity that has been beloved since the stone ages, we now live in an age and time where the process of hunting has quickly shifted to overhunting, a process that results in a drastic decline of a species population or terrible damage to the entirety of wildlife. In other words, it can be defined as the selfish and relentless chase for killing or capturing animals simply for economic gains, food or personal recognition. In this article, we have listed out such negative impacts of hunting.
1: EXTINCTION OF SPECIES:
Since centuries, Excessive hunting has been recorded as one of the major causes of animal extinction. It greatly declines a particular species, and with it, the chances of reproduction, thus quickly leading it to a stage of extinction. The World Wildlife Fund has recently reported that around
23 percent of extinctions have been caused by overhunting. This includes the lemurs and elephant birds in Madagascar, Moas in New Zealand, the giant kangaroos in Australia, and more. Humans, through their consumption and greed for economic gains, have forced all these exotic animals into extinction without batting an eyelid.
2: DISRUPTS MIGRATION AND HIBERNATION:
Hunting greatly affects the migration and hibernation patterns of the animals, which if not carried out properly, will lead to a decline in their population. When animals are killed during their migration or hibernation periods, the ones who get away start to develop a fear of being killed which will then prevent them from migrating or hibernating.
3: CREATES AN ENVIRONMENTAL IMBALANCE:
Overhunting does not just hurt the animals at hand, but also the entire biosphere by disrupting the natural order of wildlife. All animals, both predator and prey, need each other and their natural habitat for survival. Removing a creature from their natural environment through hunting creates an imbalance in nature and the consequences of this are an increased population of, say, predator over prey or vice versa.
4: AFFECTS THE FOOD CHAIN:
Hunting, apart from killing animals, also destroys the environment around them including the trees and plants. It thus, disrupts the natural food chain, for, by destroying the plants hunting removes a food source for all herbivores and further, by killing such herbivores they take away the food source for bigger animals like lions and tigers. In short, like it affects the entire biosphere, hunting also specifically causes an imbalance in the food chain and affects natural predation and growth of population.
5: ENDANGERS NATURAL HABITATS AND THE ENTIRE GENERAL WILDLIFE:
Hunters, in the process of killing the animals also disrupts their natural habitats including forests and green lands. They also release carbon footprint in the area via the carbon dioxide from their vehicles. Their campsites leave behind a lot of litter and finally, the smoke released from their campsites and machinery affects both the environment and the animals.